Dienogest was synthesized in 1979 in Jena , Germany under the leadership of Kurt Ponsold, was initially referred to as STS-557 .   It was found that its potency was 10 times that of levonorgestrel .  The first product on the market to contain dienogest was a combined oral contraceptive pill (with ethinylestradiol), Valette, introduced in 1995 and made by Jenapharm .  In 2007, dienogest was introduced as Dinagest in Japan for the treatment of endometriosis, and it was subsequently marketed for this indication as Visanne in Europe and Australia in December 2009 and April 2010, respectively.  Qlaira was introduced in Europe in 2009 and Natazia was introduced in the United States in 2010. 
Testosterone can be administered parenterally , but it has more irregular prolonged absorption time and greater activity in muscle in enanthate , undecanoate , or cypionate ester form. These derivatives are hydrolyzed to release free testosterone at the site of injection; absorption rate (and thus injection schedule) varies among different esters, but medical injections are normally done anywhere between semi-weekly to once every 12 weeks. A more frequent schedule may be desirable in order to maintain a more constant level of hormone in the system.  Injectable steroids are typically administered into the muscle, not into the vein, to avoid sudden changes in the amount of the drug in the bloodstream. In addition, because estered testosterone is dissolved in oil, intravenous injection has the potential to cause a dangerous embolism (clot) in the bloodstream.